Jacob-Abraham-Camille Pissarro (July, 10, 1830, St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands - November, 13, 1903, Paris, France) was a famous French painter, one of the greatest and most consistent representatives of the Impressionist movement.
He was born at St. Thomas (U.S. Virgin Islands) and lived there with his family until 1842 when he went to Paris to study at school. Most of his life he lived in Paris breaking his residence in French capital for some time in the beginning of 1870's due to outbreak of Franco-Prussian War - this time he spent in London. Occasionally he would travel to his childhood home in St. Thomas or to London again to draw and in the beginning of 1850's he travelled to Venezuela. He died in 1903 and was buried in the Pere Lachaise cemetery.
In Paris he studied painting in various academies, including Ecole des Beaux-Arts under the tutorship of such famous artists as Camille Corot, Gustave Courbet, Charle Daubigny. He considered himself as a pupil of Corot. And such artists as Paul Cezanne and Paul Gauguin considered Pissarro as their teacher. He was one of the leading - if not the leader - of Impressionism. He took part in all 8 of Impressionist exhibitions, he contributed largely to advancement of their theory and he considered to be the first artist to use the painting technique that is attributed to Impressionists. Moreover, he experimented with other subdivisions and branches of Impressionism - Neo-Impressionism and Pointillism - but was disappointed and returned to classical Impressionism.
He painted mainly landscapes - rural and urban, scenes from Pontoise and scenes from Monmartre, suburbs of Paris and London; but he also depicted scenes from lifes of labourers and peasants.
Among his works are the following: "The Garden of Pontoise" (1875), "The Harvest" (1882), "Boulevard Monmartre on a Sunny Afternoon" (1898), "View of Rouen" (1898).